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The 2018 Farm Bill or the Agriculture Improvement of Act of 2018 reauthorized several expenditures in the Agricultural Act of 2014, the previous Farm Bill. The Senate passed the 2018 Farm Bill, granting $867 billion to the appropriate departments, on December 11, 2018, and the House of Representatives passed it on December 12, 2018.
The Importance of the 2018 Farm Bill
Although the Farm Bill extended the agricultural and nutritional policy for five years, the most crucial amendment and addition to the legislation involved the cannabis plant. Often, the government has shown resistance to discussing cannabis plant as part of Nutritional assistance, farm subsidies, and crop, but the year, everything changes.
Senate Majority Mitch McConnell from the Republican Party expressed his views on hemp, showing support for it. This support led to the government bringing cannabis plants back onto the Senate and House floor.
The 2018 Farm Bill’s Definition of the Cannabis Plant
The legislation defines hemp as the cannabis plant known for producing marijuana, but with one stark difference. The legislation states that hemp can’t have over 0.3% of THC. THC is the compound in the cannabis plant that makes people high.
The 2018 Farm Bill defined the legal and illegal amounts of THC in the cannabis plant, which had gone unrecognized for decades, leading to a complete ban of hemp. The 1937 Marihuana Tax Act made hemp illegal, and later, the 1970 Controlled Substances Act banned every type of cannabis.
Although the 2018 Farm Bill changed its stance on the cannabis plant, it left people confused and made them guess the policy change’s dos and don’ts.
Farm Bill: What’s In It?
Since then, several states in the United States have legalized cannabis plants for medicinal and recreational purposes, with a few states trying to legalize it.